Standardization of Niruha Basti Retention with Reference to Height of Placing Enema-cane

  • Asmalsha KB MD (Ayu) Scholar, Department Of Panchakarma, Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheswara College of Ayurveda and Hospital, Hassan, Karnataka -573201
  • Muralidhar P Pujar Professor, Department of Panchakarma, Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara College of Ayurveda & Hospital, BM Road, Hassan-573201, Karnataka



At present at most of the Ayurveda centers enema-cane is used to administer Niruha Basti wherein it is noted that generally it is retained for few minutes, though the prescribed maximum limit is 48 minutes in the texts. This may be the one of the reasons that the Basti therapy is not giving so much desired effects.

Generally while the administration of the Basti, the enema cane is placed on the hook of the stand arbitrarily. It is the fact that speed of emptying of the Basti content depends upon the height of the cane at which it is placed i.e. the speed is increased with increase and decreased with decrease of the height of the cane, hence it is not uniform. As it is mentioned that the Niruha Basti should be administered in such a way so that its flow should neither be slow nor very fast. Therefore this study was carried out to standardize the height at which the retention time of the Basti is ideal.

The results of this study showed that the ideal height of keeping the enema-cane containing 350 ml of Basti material for the patient of Madhyama Koshtha is five feet. The patient at this height can retain Basti for 26.38 minutes with range of 22.97 minutes to 29.79 minutes. It is well within the prescribed maximum limit of 48 minutes wherein the contents of basti along with Mala should come out.

Keywords: standardize of enema-cane height, ideal retention time, Niruha Basti