APPLIED ASPECTS OF DASHA-VIDHA ATURA PARIKSHA

MANDIP R GOYAL

Abstract


Dasha Vidha Atura Parikshā (tenfold examination) is an individualized examination which evaluates physical and mental factors of health as well as assesses the status of pathological factors involved in a patient for planning the effective treatment. These factors of examination stand pertinent even after the development of the sophisticated modern tests which examine in detail the organs of the body but negligibly consider personality of the patient. Out of ten factors, nine factors deals mainly with health profile of the individual and the tenth factor vikriti parikshā helps to analyze the status of the disease. Among the nine factors for health assessment, prakriti analyses status of dosha; sāra indicates nutritional status of the tissues (dhātu), sattva sāra and sattva parikshā analysis psychological setup of the person. Similarly, assessment of other four factors viz. samhanana (compactness), pramāna (body measurements), vyāyāma shakti (exercise tolerance power) and vaya (age) provides insight to ascertain the physical power of a person at a given point and remaining two factors viz. sātmaya and āhāra shakti give impression of food habits and status of the agni. Gradation of each factor as per pravara (optimum), madhyama (moderate) and avara (least) categories followed by overall assessment of rogi bala, dosha bala and sheshavat āyu pramāna provide a concrete basis for a meaningful treatment. Further, its individualistic, noninvasiveness, qualitative and quantitative analytic approach makes Dasha Vidha Parikshā, a unique ideal clinical tool for today’s physician.This article is an attempt to revisit ancient wisdom to emphasize its wider applicability.

Key words: Dasha Vidha Pariksha, Dasha Vidha Atura Pariksha, Ayurveda tenfold clinical method


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References


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